Today I want to write about a beautiful and elegant bird, the Japanese crane.
Here are five interesting facts about them:
- These beautiful birds grow up to 1.5 metres tall, with a massive wingspan of 2.5 metres. They are also considered to be the heaviest species of crane in the world.
- Japanese cranes are also known as red-crowned cranes due to the patch of bare, red skin on top of their heads. This patch becomes brighter during the breeding season.
- They mate for life and like other cranes, are well known for their wonderful dances that bond the couples. At breeding time, they lay 2 eggs, although only one usually survives to adulthood. The adults both assist in raising the young and aggressively defend the nests against possible predators.
- They are omnivorous, foraging in marshes, rivers, rice paddies and fields to find fish, insects, crabs, salamanders, frogs, small reptiles, small birds, seeds, rice and a range of other plants.
- They are one of the rarest cranes in the world, with 2 main populations. One group lives in Japan and stays there all year, the other group breeds in northern China, Russia and Mongolia and travels to eastern China, North Korea and South Korea for the winter. There are just over 2,000 left in the wild and they are considered endangered due to habitat loss.
I hope that you found these facts interesting and learned something new.
Are there any other interesting facts that you would like to share about Japanese cranes?